February 18, 2018

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THE ASIATIC LION

February 18, 2018

THE ASIATIC LION

 

Nearly all wild lions live in sub-Saharan Africa, but one small population of Asiatic lions exists in India's Gir Forest. Asiatic lions and African lions are subspecies of the same species.

 

Asiatic Lions are found only in Gir Forests of Gujarat, India. There is no other place in the world where a wild population exists. The approximate population here are 750+ lions. Lions have been marked as Endangered in the IUCN Red List of threatened species.

 

Population

 

Asiatic lions once prowled from the Middle East to India. Now, only a fraction of these magnificent animals survive in the wild. The Gir Forest's dry teak woods were once a royal hunting ground. Today they are a reserve where these at-risk big cats are heavily protected.

 

Prides

 

Lions are the only cats that live in groups, called prides. Prides are family units that may include up to three males, a dozen or so females, and their young. All of a pride's lionesses are related and female cubs typically stay with the group as they age. Young males eventually leave and may establish their own prides by taking over a group headed by another male.

 

Asiatic lions will mate with females all year long. At around 5 years of age, the males will reach sexual maturity, while the females will reach sexual maturity at 4 years of age. The gestation period for females is from 100 – 119 days. Females can give birth to as many as six cubs.

 

Asiatic lion cubs first begin eating meat at 3 months of age. However, they will continue to suckle for approximately 6 months. During the first 9 months of their life, they will learn to hunt.

 

Males vs. Females

 

Only male lions boast manes, the impressive fringe of long hair that encircles their heads. Males defend the pride's territory. They mark the area with urine, roar menacingly to warn intruders, and chase off animals that encroach on their turf.Female lions are the pride's primary hunters. They often work together to prey upon large mammals.

 

Lion Hunting

 

After the hunt, the group effort often degenerates to squabbling over the sharing of the kill, with cubs at the bottom of the pecking order. Young lions do not help the pride hunt until they are about a year old. Lions will hunt alone if the opportunity presents itself, and they also steal kills from other wild animals.

 

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